Saturday, September 20, 2014

MARIA JULIANA (SALAZAR) VARGAS RODRIGUEZ POPE BARNETT

© Kathy Duncan, 2014

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According to the "Gurule Family" by Angela Lewis, Maria de los Dolores Juliana Salazar, daughter of Domingo Antonio Salazar and Maria Guadalupe Gurule, was born 16 Nov 1808 in Jemez, NM.

The first husand of Juliana Salazar was Juan Antonio Vargas, son of Mauricio Vargas and Maria Nicomeda Fernandes. Juliana Salazar and Juan Antonio Vargas's only known child was Juan Antonio Vargas:

24 June 1827. Juan Antonio Bargas of Rancho, four days old, son of Juan Antonio Vargas, dead, and Maria Juliana Salazar, residents of Arroyo Seco. Paternal grandparents: Maurilo Bargas and Maria Nicomeda Fernandes. Maternal grandparents: Antonio Domingo Salazar and Maria Guadalupe Gurule. Sponsors: Maria Dolores Martin resident of Varrio San Franciso del Rancho.
[Source: Taos County Baptisms by Karen Mitchell]

This record indicates that Jose Antonio Vargas died sometime between 24 Sept 1826 and 24 June 1827.

Birth record of Jose Antonio Vargas Sr.:

18 March 1798. Jose Antonio Vargas, 7 days old, son of Mauricio Vargas and Maria Nicomeda Fernandes, residents of this Jurisdiction.  Sponsors: Juan Antonio Vargas and Maria Navidad Luxan of los Trampas de Picuris.
[Source: Taos County Baptisms, Taos County, New Mexico by Karen Mitchell]

Shortly afterward Juliana Salazar married her second husband, Jose Maria Rodriquez:

10 September 1827. Jose Maria Rodriguez of Arroya Seco, son of Francisco Damian Rodriguez and Maria Juana Paula Dias, married Maria Juliana Salazar, widow of Jose Antonio Vargas. Padrinos: Juan Julian Martines and Maria Guadelupe Vigil.
[Source: Taos County Marriages, Karen Mitchell]

Two years later, Juliana Salazar began having children while her husband was absent. Or was he? What is going on during this time period?

29 Nov 1829. Jose Dolores Salazar, 6 days old, son of Maria Juliana Salazar, married, of father unknown. Maternal grandparents: Domingo Salazar, dead, and Maria Guadalupe Gonsales [sic]. Sponsors: Julian Gonsales ? and Juana Maria Lucero.
[Source: Taos County, New Mexico Baptisms by Karen Mitchell]

1 Nov 1831. Maria Manuela de los Santos Salazar, 2 days old, natural daughter of Maria Juliana Salazar, married, in the absence of her husband, and father unknown. Maternal grandparents: Domingo Salazar, deceased, and Maria Guadalupe Gurule. Sponsors: Juan Miguel Mascarenas and Maria Manuela Bueno, all residents of the Varrio od San Francisco del Rancho.
[Source: Taos County, New Mexico; Taos County Baptisms, transcribed by Karen Mitchell. www.kmithc.com/Taos/bapss.html]

By the end of 1834, Juliana Salazar is officially a widow and has married again to William Pope:

8 December 1834. Julian Pope, single son of Juan Pope and Margarita Bers, orginially from Quitoque (Kentucky), naturalized and baptized in this parish of Taos, Republic of Mexico, with Maria Juliana Salazar, widowed of Jose Maria Rodriguez, both residents of San Francisco del Rancho, Sponsors Luis Li (Lee) and Maria de la Lus Tafoya, residents from San Fernando. Witnesses: Juan Trugillo and Manuel Gallegos.
[Source: Taos County Marriages, Karen Mitchell]

"The travails of Julian Pope (William Pope) and Maria Juliana Salazar are quite instructive in this regard. After having lived together for four years and having produced two children, the couple decided to go through the formalities of a marriage  sometime in the early 1830s. Julian had resided in Taos since 1822; he had been among the first foreign born settlers to become a naturalized Mexican, and in 1831 took the added step of becoming baptized. Maria, for her part, was a widow from Taos of known parents, so her only bureaucratic hurdle consisted of obtaining a constancia, or certificate of the death, of her first husband before she could remarry. Thus, although facing onerous matrimonial proceedings, the couple had good reasons to feel optimistic; and indeed the marriage went ahead as planned, but with one minor anomaly. Late in 1833, the family moved to Abiquiu and lived there for almost a year, but having resided much longer in Taos, they still chose the latter parish to conduct their matrimonial proceedings. Father Antonio Jose Martinez, being well acquainted with the couple, proceeded with dispatch not even requiring from Julian a dispensation for vagrancy. Everything seemed to have gone smoothly for Julian and Maria - that is until the couple sought to validate their Taos marriage in its new abode in Abiquiu with Father Jose Francisco  Leyba. Ordained in the waning years of the colonial period, Father Leyba was characteristically distrustful with it came to marring foreign-born males with Mexican women. The curate of Abiquiu found serious flaws in Julian and Maria's matrimonal proceedings, declared the marriage invalid, and promptly secured an order through the vicar of New Mexico compelling the Anglo American to give up his wife. In the winter of 1834, Julian was arrested for refusing to surrender Maria Juliana to the authorities of the Rio Colorado de Abiquiu. He had said  that he would much rather suffer the consequences of ignoring the law than face separation from Maria Juliana. As it turned out, he had to endure both."
[Source: Changing National Identities at the Frontier: Texas and New Mexico 1800 - 1850 by Andres Resendez]

"Julian Pope [William Pope] was a resident of Taos for more than twelve years. Maria Juliana Salazar was a widow. A letter to Father Antonio Jose Martinez from Juan Felipe Ortiz, vicar general of New Mexico, dated 20 December 1834 demanded information regarding the marriage of the couple, including their fitness to marry, whether there was any canonical impediment, and how Father Martinez had proceeded.

Father Martinez replied on 24 December that he had conducted a prenuptial investigation of the couple who had been residing in Abiquiu, and had become his parishoners. Pope was baptized in 1831 and for the last eight years had a letter of naturalization. He had proven to be a man of service and honor. For that reason it was not necessary to a dispensation as a foreigner or person of no fixed residence.

The proceedings were forwarded to Durango on 7 January 1835. On 7 August 1835, Bishop Zubiria granted a dispensation and assigned as penance that the couple would recite the rosary of the five mysteries for twenty daysand attend three masses of the Holy Trinity for the needs of the Church and for the public peace. He ordered the priest in Taos to publish the banns. Assuming no new impediment arose, the couple was to prepare by going to confession, and the priest was to marry them, granting them the nuptial blessings."
[Source: The New Mexico Prenuptial Investigations From the Archives Historicos del Arzobispado de Durango, 1800 - 1893, ed. Rick Hendricks]

Shortly afterward, the Popes removed to California.

"Baptisms had been performed regularly dating from the pre-chapel days. On 4 November 1860, the Agua Mansa pastor baptized Delwina Emiteria Mitchell, the eight month old daughter of Santiago Mitchell and his wife Isabel Pope of San Timoteo. Several members of the Pope family eventually settled along Santa Ana River. Agua Mansa records for 1859 show Juan Limon (John Lemon) and Luciana Pope having their son John Lemon, Jr. baptized; the godparents were Luis and Catalina Robiddoux. The same year Jose Pope was married and later that year had his son, Jose Pope Jr.
[Source: R. Burce Harley. "San Timoteo Canyon and Its Chapel, 1845 to 1945." Journal of the Riverside Historical Society. February 2006]

Barnett, Juliana d. 1 March 1900 born in Taos, NM
[Source: Unknown Cemetery Burials from Mortuary Records of Dona Ana County, New Mexico, compiled by Marcena Thompson]

"Obituary. Mrs. Juliana Barnett, an old resident of this city and mother of Mrs. W. L. Rinerson, died at her home on Thursday morning, March 1, 1900. The funeral was held yesterday from the Rynerson residence to the Catholic church and cemetery in the presence of a concourse of friends.

Mrs. Barnett was born in Taos County, New Mexico, between 91 and 97 years ago. At the age of 17 she was married to an American there by  the name of Pope and they soon moved to California. At that time California was Mexico territory and the governor gave Col. Pope a tract of land that is yet known as Pope Valley. Seven or eight children were born in the Pope family among whom was the present Mrs. W.L. Rynerson. Col. Pope died in the 30's and Mrs. Pope re-married. She bore her second husband four children and after his death moved to Las Cruces in 1878. For the past few years the old lady could hold her descendants and friends in breathless interest while relating scenes, exploits, and vicissitudes of pioneer days."
[Source: Dona Ana County Republican; Las Cruces, NM; Sat., 3 Mar 1900]

The remarkable life Maria Juliana Salazar is recounted in The Napa Valley Chronicles by Lauren Coodley.




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