Monday, May 30, 2016

Parentage of Apolonia Martin, wife of Francisco Sanchez

© Kathy Duncan, 2016

Sometimes the catalyst to conducting more research appears in the form of a keyword search from one of my readers. I noticed yesterday that someone was looking for information on a Maria Apolonia Martin.  The Apolonia Martin on this blog is the wife of Francisco Xavier Sanchez. Her parents were unknown. That spurred me to look at what I had previously posted about her. In rereading that post, I realized that in 2012 I had noted the presence of Juan de Jesus Martins as a godparent for Apolonia Martin’s son Jose Ramon Sanchez in 1798, and I had posed the following question: Is Juan de Jesus Martins a brother or father of Maria Apolonia Martines? That is a question I never followed up. Until last night.

The full baptism record for Apolonia’s son:

Sanchez, Jose Ramon [Span.], bap 7 April 1798, b. 4 April; son of Franco Sanches and Polonia Martines; godparents – Juan de Jesus Martins, and Ma Rafaela Romero, Span.
[Source: New Mexico Baptisms Santa Cruz de la Canada, vol. 11, 1795-1827 by Virginia Langham Olmstead]

My strategy was to research Juan de Jesus Martins and find out as much as I could about his family connections. When I did, I found that he was linked to Maria Rafaela Romero because she was his wife. This made him easier to identify in records.

Records I found for Juan de Jesus Martins:

In San Juan Pueblo on 19 April 1801, Father Sanchez Vergara baptized five day old Maria de la Conception, the legitimate daughter of Gregorio Lucero and Maria Manuela Martin, citizens of Embudo. Her godparents were Juan de Jesus Martin and Maria Rafaela Romero, citizens of La Joya.
[Source: New Mexico Prenuptial Investigations From the Archives Historicos del Arzobispado de Durango, 1800-1893, by Rick Hendricks, p. 94]

In the record above, Maria Manuela Martin is likely a relative of Juan de Jesus Martin. A sister or daughter? Based on her probable age, she is likely to be a sister.

Juan de Jesus Martin and Barbara Josefa Sanchez, San Juan de los Caballeros, 21 November 1808-9 January 1809, AHAD-363, f. 590-94

            Juan de Jesus Martin, 36, espanol, was widowed of Maria Rafaela Romero. Barbara Josefa Sanchez, espanola, single, was the legitimate daughter of Jose Sanchez and Maria Antonia Bernal, citizens of the jurisdiction of San Juan de los Caballeros. The couple was related in the fourth degree of affinity on the basis of copula licita.
            Father Gonzalez questioned Juan who stated that he was a life-long resident of the area and was related to most of the people of his station here. His intended was the daughter of poor parents who were burdened with a family, while with his prospects he could support her properly. Barbara Josefa Sanchez stated that she had her parents’ permission to marry.
            Witnesses:
Juan Antonio Valdez, 64, citizen of the San Juan jurisdiction.
Jose de la Trinidad Cisneros, 62, citizen of the San Juan jurisdiction.
Pedro Cisneros, 50, citizen of the San Juan jurisdiction.

                                          Sebastian Martin

Rosa Martin                                        1st degree                     Manuel Martin

Francisco Sanchez                              2nd degree                    Maria Martin

Jose Sanchez                                       3rd degree                    Maria Manuela Garcia

Barbara Sanchez                                 4th degree                    Rafaela Romero

Father Gonzalez forwarded the proceedings to Durango on the same 21 November 1808. On 9 January 1809, Vicar General Millan Rodriguez granted a dispensation.
[Source: New Mexico Prenuptial Investigations From the Archives Historicos del Arzobispado de Durango, 1800-1893, by Rick Hendricks, p. 71-2]

In the record above, Juan de Jesus Martin’s first wife, Rafaela Romero, and his intended, Barbara Sanchez, were related in the fourth degree. This particular record does not shed any light on who Juan’s parents were or what his connection to Apolonia Martin might be. The record below, however, reveals who his parents were.

Gregorio Felipe Lucero y Salazar and Margarita Martin y Romero, San Juan de los Caballeros, 11 April – 19 May 1819, AHAD-371, f. 584-92.
            Gregorio Felipe Lucero y Salazar, 23, espanol, single, was the legitimate son of Antonio Lucero and Ana Maria Salazar, citizens and residents of the plaza of Los Angeles, in the place called Los Luceros of the parish of San Juan de los Caballeros. Margarita Martin y Romero, 17, espanola, was the legitimate daughter of Juan de Jesus Martin and the late Maria Rafaela Romero, residents of the puesto of La Joya. The couple was related in the fourth degree of consanguinity on a traverse line.

                                    Blas Martin

Ana Maria Martin                               siblings                        Pedro Martin

Santiago Lucero                                  1st cousins                    Gregorio Martin

Antonio Lucero                                   2nd cousins                   Juan de Jesus Martin

Gregorio Felipe Lucero                      3rd cousins                   Maria Margarita Martin

Witnesses:
Tomas de Herrera, 42, citizen of the plaza of San Rafael
Jose Gabriel Montono, 35, citizen of the plaza of San Antonio
Jose Miguel Ortiz, 72, citizen of the plaza of San Francisco
Jose Pacheco, 34, citizen of the plaza of San Antonio
            Father Sanchez Vergara forwarded the proceedings to Durango on 12 April 1819. On 9 May 1819, Bishop Castaniza granted a dispensation, assigning as penance that the couple would go to communion once more than required by Church precepts, recite the rosary for a week, and pay 10 pesos in alms applicable to pious works at the bishop’s discretion. Their parish priest was to proclaim the banns. Assuming no new impediment arose, he was to proceed with the marriage and nuptial blessing.

Certificates:
  1. In San Juan Pueblo on 13 May 1796, Father Gonzalez baptized Gregorio Felipe, born on 9 May, the legitimate son of Antonio Lucero and Ana Maria Salazar, citizens of Los Luceros. His godparents were Manuel Salazar and Maria Francisca Silva, citizens of Abiquiu.
  2. In San Juan Pueblo on 17 June 1802, Father Ramon Antonio Gonzalez baptized seven day-old Margarita de Jesus, the legitimate daughter of Juan de Jesus Martin and Maria Rafaela Romero. Her godparents were Santiago Salazar and Maria Dolores Romero, citizens of La Joya.
  3. On 3 April 1819 Antonio Jose Lucero and Ana Maria Salasar, citizens of the plaza of los Angeles in the place of Los Luceros, parents of Gregorio Felipe y Salazar, granted permission for him to marry Margarita de Jesus Martin y Romero of the puesto of La Joya.
  4. On 4 April 1819 in San Juan, Juan de Jesus Martin, citizen of the puesto of La Joya, state his daughter Margarita de Jesus Martin y Romero, born of his marriage to the late Maria Rafaela Romero, had his permission to marry Gregorio Felipe Lucero.
[Source: New Mexico Prenuptial Investigations From the Archives Historicos del Arzobispado de Durango, 1800-1893, by Rick Hendricks, p. 104-105]

In the record above, Juan de Jesus Martin’s daughter Maria Margarita Martin is a third cousin to her intended Gregorio Felipe Lucero, requiring a dispensation and, as luck would have it, a brief genealogy for her. That genealogy shows that her father, Juan de Jesus Martin who married Rafaela Romero was the son of Gregorio Martin, who was the son of Pedro Martin, who was the son of Blas Romero. Five generations in one primary source!

Armed with the name of Juan de Jesus Martin’s father, I was now prepared to search for a connection between Gregorio Martin and Apolonia Martin. At first, I did not find much. Mostly, I found secondary source lists of Gregorio Martin’s children, which listed Juan de Jesus but not Apolonia.

Then I found her St. Thomas birth record:

7 Feb 1777, Maria Polonia Martin, daughter of Gregorio Martin and Maria Victoria Tenorio, baptized in Abiquiu.
[Source: Vital Records, St. Thomas Parish, Abiquiu, NM 1754-1799, Infant and Parents,
Baptisms at St. Thomas, 1754-1799, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico by Feliz Rendon]


Now I’m working to verify the parentage of Maria Victoria Tenorio, who was supposedly born to Manuel Tenorio de Alba y Corona and Apolonia Sandoval and baptized on 15 April 1759 in Santa Fe. This will require a trip to the library since I am not finding a source on the internet. Perhaps next weekend.

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